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 Volvo 120 ,130,Amazon


The Volvo  120 ,130,Amazon was produced from 1956 to 1970
9 engines from 1.5 to 1.9 liter and power from 60hp to 107hp, are on Histomobile.594128 unit(s) produced.

Designer : Jan Wilsgaard

Volvo 120 ,130,Amazon

In 1956, a prototype of a new passenger car from Volvo was presented. The car became known as the Amazon in Sweden and the 121 and 122S on the export market. The designation 122S was used for a version with a more powerful engine.

Production began in 1957 and this car was initially regarded as a larger model than the PV444. The fact that the 121/122S was a 4-door model naturally contributed to this.
The styling was modern and this model was the first car from Volvo with a pontoon body. People found the car very attractive. The front was characterised by the two oval air vents. The rear wings were extended and ended with a hint of a fin, a very popular design feature at the time.
The Amazon 121/122S also had a very high safety level with features including a padded upper half of the dashboard, a laminated windscreen and seatbelt attachments both front and rear.

This Volvo model played a significant role in Volvo's development during the 1960s.
From the beginning, the P120 was only available as a 4-door model, but the programme was subsequently extended to include 2-door (P130) and an estate (P220).
In the autumn of 1961, the P120 models included a number of relatively large changes. The previous 1.6-litre engine was replaced by the B18 with an output of 75 or 90 bhp, a 12-volt electrical system, a new grille and the 90 bhp model featured disc brakes on the front wheels.
The 4-door model of the P120 was produced until the autumn of 1966, when it was replaced by an entirely new car, the Volvo 144.

In September 1961, yet another version based on the 121/122S was presented - a 2-door saloon. This version was an eagerly-awaited model, particularly on the Swedish market, as Sweden was a typical market for 2-door cars at that time.

Technically speaking, there was no difference between the two models. The doors were naturally longer on the new 2-door model to make it easier to get into the rear seat and the front seats could, of course, be folded forwards for the same reason. The rear side windows could be opened at the rear edge to improve the ventilation.
The engine programme was originally supposed to follow that of the 4-door model. However, as the 2-door was somewhat lighter, it was also regarded as somewhat more sporty and was therefore used in competitions, both rally driving and motor racing.
In 1968, another engine version was added to this model - the so-called B20 engine, a 2.0-litre version.
Production of the P130 continued until July 2nd 1970. This was the final version of this car family and 667.323 P130s were produced.

(Source: Volvo Owners Club : http://www.volvoclub.org.uk)

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