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 Peugeot 309


The Peugeot  309 was produced from 1986 to 1993
14 engines from 1.1 to 1.9 liter and power from 54hp to 160hp, are on Histomobile.

Peugeot 309 

The 309 was originally intended to be badged as a Talbot and, as development progressed, to be called the Talbot Arizona; it was the replacement for the Simca-based Horizon.

During 1985, PSA decided to axe the ailing Talbot brand; the car would be marketed as a Peugeot instead. The first 309 rolled off the production line at Ryton in October 1985 and sales began at the beginning of the following year. The 309 was not intended to replace Peugeot's own 305 model, but the out of step model number the next small family car after the 305 should have been named "306" was intended to distance it from the 305 in the marketplace and to reflect the car's Simca origins. The 309's slightly awkward styling (especially when compared with the 205 and 405 of the same era) is due to the fact that not only was the 309 supposed to be, and look like, a Talbot, but also it was designed "in-house". Other Peugeot cars were designed by the famed Italian design house Pininfarina, up until the introduction of the 206.

The initial engine line-up in the United Kingdom market consisted of the chain-driven Simca-derived 1118 cc (E1A) and 1294 cc (G1A) overhead valve petrol units from the Horizon, and Peugeot-provided 1769/1905 cc diesel and 1580/1905 cc petrol belt-driven overhead camshaft XU units. Some markets also used the 1442 cc (Y2) and 1592 cc (J2) Simca units, as seen previously in the Simca 1307 and Solara as well as the Horizon, instead of the 1580 cc OHC. The 1905 cc engine was used in a high performance GTI version of the 309 in fuel injection form; this quickly established itself as a class leading hot hatch.

The 309 was also significant in that it was the first Peugeot car to be assembled in the former Rootes factory in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, which Peugeot had inherited from Chrysler Europe in 1978. Largely due to its British origins, the 309 became a popular choice in the United Kingdom, and set the scene for future Ryton-assembled Peugeot models (the 405, 306 and 206).

A mild facelift in October 1989 revised the design of the rear, lowering the boot lip and changing the rear lights, as well as providing an updated interior to address severe criticisms levelled at the 309's multi-piece dashboard which was prone for developing squeaks and rattles. Also, in 1990, a modified gearbox was introduced, a revision of the original "BE" unit, placing reverse in the "down and to the right" position behind 5th gear, as opposed to the earlier "up and to the left" position, next to first gear. In 1991 Peugeot gradually phased in their all-new belt-driven TU overhead camshaft engines, a development of the XU series, in 1124 cc and 1360 cc forms, eventually replacing the Simca units during 1992.

The 309 was eventually replaced by the Peugeot 306, returning Peugeot to their normal numbering scheme. The 306 was in turn superseded by the 307, with the 308 launched in 2007. Whether there will be a "new" 309 to follow the 308 remains to be seen, but Peugeot have not previously re-used model numbers, as the 309 was the only model to have been out of proportion with the rest of the Peugeot generation (it was produced alongside the "05" generation).

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