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Modèles Holden

Photo Specifications

Holden Commodore

Generation 3

The VT project was the outcome of an A$600 million development programme that spanned more than half a decade. The new model sported a rounded exterior body shell, improved dynamics, and many firsts for an Australian-built car. A stronger body structure, 30 percent stiffer than the VS increased crash safety.

Holden Commodore ,Calais

As with previous Commodore models, Holden looked to Opel in Germany for a donor platform. The proposal was to take the Omega B and broaden the vehicle’s width and mechanical setup for local conditions. In the early days, Holden considered adopting the Omega as is, save for the engines and transmissions, and even investigated reskinning the existing second generation (VN—VS) architecture. Later on, the VT bodywork spawned a new generation of Statesman and Caprice limousines. Holden even went as far as resurrecting the iconic Monaro coupé from the 1960s and 1970s. The revived Monaro attracted wide attention after being shown as a concept car at Australian auto shows, and it drew a large waiting list after production began. The Monaro was released to the Australian market in 2001.

GM's American counterparts were interested in incorporating a left-hand drive Commodore into the Buick lineup and became involved in the VT development cycle early on. Holden was provided funds for the necessary engineering changes and a prototype was unveiled to the American public in 1996 as the Buick XP2000 concept car. The project, known internally as Project 127, was abandoned in early 1994, well before the VT's release but Holden made the most of the situation by exporting left-hand drive VTs to parts of Indochina and the Middle East badged as the Chevrolet Lumina. Thus began the Commodore's rapid expansion into a number of overseas markets including Brazil, as the Chevrolet Omega, and later on, with the Monaro to the United States, where it was sold by Pontiac under the GTO nameplate.

The Cadillac Catera, sold in the United States from 1997 to 2001, was a rebadged Opel Omega MV6.

The VT heralded the fitment of semi-trailing arm independent rear suspension as standard across the range. However, when originally carried over, the European design was simplified with the removal of the toe control link, standard equipment on the six-cylinder Omega since 1987. This allowed distortions to the suspension camber angle and toe under heavy load, commonly occurring during heavy towing or when travelling over undulated surfaces, leading to excessive rear tyre wear. Holden's performance arm HSV re-added the toe control link on the flagship GTS 300 model, based on the Series II update. The supercharged V6 was uprated to 171 kilowatts (229 hp) from the previous VS model. For the Series I, the supercharged engine was optional on the S, SS, and Calais trims. The supercharged V6 availability was revised for the Series II. No longer available on the SS, it became optional on the Berlina and standard fitment of the Calais, although the naturally aspirated version could be specified as a "delete option". Safety wise, side airbags became an option for the Acclaim and higher models in 1998, a first for Holden.

Holden Commodore ,Calais

The VT range was introduced with six trim levels and two body styles. The model lineup consisted of:

Commodore Executive sedan and wagon
Commodore Acclaim sedan and wagon
Commodore S sedan
Commodore SS sedan
Berlina sedan and wagon
Calais sedan

Special editions

Commodore 50th Anniversary (1998) sedan and wagon
Calais 50th Anniversary (1998) sedan
Commodore Equipe (1999) sedan
Commodore Olympic Edition (1999, 2000) sedan and wagon
Calais International (2000) sedan

Although considered to be part of the “VT Commodore” range, the Berlina and Calais models were not badged or marketed as Commodores.

Series II

The ECOTEC V6 remained the same however, it received an updated tune that made the Series II of the V6 slightly faster than the Series I. The VT had lost some of the performance of the VS due to the significant weight increase, and thus could match neither its predecessor, or, most importantly, its competitor: the AU Falcon.

Holden Commodore ,Calais,Monaro

This 1999 update replaced the venerable Holden 5.0 litre V8 engine with a new 5.7 litre Gen III V8 sourced from the United States. The VT II in Gen III V8 guise was claimed by Wheels magazine in 1999 to be the fastest Australian car ever. The V8 was detuned to 220 kilowatts (300 hp) from the original version, but would receive incremental power upgrades to 250 kilowatts (340 hp) throughout its time in the Commodore Cosmetically, the Series II VT replaced amber indicator lenses with clear lenses for both the side and rear turn signals. This was previously only available on the pre-Series II Calais. The updated Calais also introduced a chrome strip on the boot garnish.

The VT Commodore range was released on 26 August 1997 and went on sale on 5 September replacing the VS Commodore. 100,000 units had been sold in the 22 months leading up to the release of the VT Series II on 1 June 1999. Production of all VTs totalled 303,895 prior to the replacement of the VT by the VX Commodore range in August 2000.

Holden Commodore ,Calais,Monaro

Contrary to usual Holden policy, the VS Commodore-based Holden VS Ute was not replaced by a VT Ute. Instead, the VS Ute would remain on sale until the release of the VX Commodore-based VU Ute in December 2000.

The Holden VX Commodore, Berlina and Calais range of full-size cars were the eleventh instalment of Holden Commodore, a model manufactured by Holden, the Australian subsidiary of General Motors (GM). Produced between October 2000 and September 2002, the VX served as minor update to the VT series from 1997 and premiered revised styling, greater model differentiation, along with gains in crash safety. An intermediate Series II was launched in August 2001, featuring a revised suspension system among other changes.

The unique frontal styling of the Berlina and Calais (pictured) feature a headlamp and grille conglomerate, as opposed to the separate assemblages on lower luxury levels.

Visually, the exterior features a revised headlamp design over the preceding VT among other changes. These include the tail lamp panel now replaced by two separate individual light assemblies. The Berlina and Calais sedans however retain the full-width boot-lid panel incorporating the tail lamps and the registration plate.

Holden Commodore ,Calais,Monaro

Safety played a substantial role in the development of the VX model. Bosch version 5.3 anti-lock brakes were made standard on all variants, a first for an Australian manufactured car; and traction control was made available on vehicles equipped with manual transmission. Extensive research was undertaken to reduce the effects from a side-impact collision through modification of the B-pillars. The risk presented by a side-impact collision in a VX fitted without side airbags is reduced by 50 percent when compared to a similarly specified VT model.

The VX series introduced further mechanical upgrades to the 3.8-litre Ecotec V6 engine, which received changes to the engine management computer to bring power up to 172 kilowatts (231 hp). Fuel economy was also improved over the previous model by three to four percent. The optional Supercharged Ecotec V6 extended its service to the Executive and Acclaim variants, with the 171-kilowatt (229 hp) output figure remaining unchanged from the VT. As well as the supercharged six-cylinder, an even more powerful 5.7-litre Chevrolet-sourced Gen III V8 engine was offered. The powerplant received power increases from 220 to 225 kilowatts (300 to 302 hp).

Holden Commodore ,Calais Estate

A modified front suspension setup received lower control arm pivot points. The Series II update featured the addition of a new rear cross member, revised rear control arm assemblies with new style bushing and toe-control links to the semi-trailing arm rear suspension to better maintain the toe settings during suspension movements, resulting in more predictable car handling, noticeably over uneven surfaces, and improved tyre wear.

- The entry-level Executive was a popular choice amongst fleet buyers, and offered standard features such as anti-lock brakes, a driver's air bag, trip computer, and central locking. Along with all other variants, steering wheel audio controls, a CD player, and an electrically retracting power antenna were now standard. The naturally aspirated 3.8-litre Ecotec V6 came standard on the Executive, with the option of the Supercharged Ecotec V6 or Gen III V8 engine. V6 engines were coupled to a five-speed manual transmission, and V8s came with a six-speed manual. A four-speed automatic transmission was available as an optional extra, regardless of the engine choice.

Holden Commodore ,Calais Estate

- The second tier Acclaim was marketed as a family-oriented variation of the VX range, with a strong emphasis on safety. Building on the equipment levels of the Executive, the Acclaim also featured four airbags, cruise control, traction control, air conditioning and power windows. A four-speed automatic transmission was the only transmission available, although buyers did have the opportunity to opt for the Supercharged Ecotec V6 engine.
- Offered as a sporty alternative to the Acclaim was the Commodore S. Based on the entry-level Executive, features came in the form of a sports body kit, electric windows, 16-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension, air conditioning, cruise control, and a leather steering wheel. However, leather upholstery, traction control, four airbags, 17-inch alloy wheels and the Supercharged Ecotec V6 were offered as options.

Holden Commodore

- The SS continued on with the sporting trend of the Commodore S, but incorporated bumper-integrated foglamps, and more aggressively styled alloy wheels. Instead of the six-cylinder engine standard on the "S pack", a Gen III V8 engine and six-speed manual transmission came as standard. A more advanced suspension setup, traction control and a passenger's airbag were also standard, but side impact airbags and leather upholstery remained optional.
- The Berlina and the top-of-the-range Calais attributed a notably re-styled exterior, when compared to other trim levels. Both featured a full-width rectangular grille, which merged off together with the angled-off headlamps. The rear-end of the sedan is characterised by a boot panel housing the transparent taillights. Nine-spoke, 15-inch machine finished alloy wheels accentuated the prestige image. Building on the features the Acclaim featured the Berlina added climate control air conditioning, and adjustable seatbelt anchors. 17-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension (the same type found on the SS), limited slip differential and an eight-cylinder engine were all made available as optional extras.

Holden Commodore

- The flagship Calais shares the prestige style exterior with the Berlina, but is distinguishable by its 16-inch alloy wheels and chrome outlined foglamps. An eight-speaker audio system, with a ten stack CD player and supercharged V6 engine were also standard. The Calais presented the same optional features as the Berlina, but allowed for the inclusion of leather upholstery. With the Berlina, the centre console was finished with either the black or beige plastic panel depending on the interior colour scheme, however the Calais upped the ante with a wood grain-faced console, or a satin-finished façade for Series II variants.

Holden Commodore

- Holden's performance car partner Holden Special Vehicles produced a number of models based on the Holden VX Commodore, including the HSV VX Clubsport.

The Holden VY Commodore is an automobile which was produced by Holden in Australia between September 2002 and August 2004. The VY Commodore, which was the twelfth Holden Commodore series, was the successor to the VX Commodore. A VY Series II was released in August 2003 and that made way for the updated VZ Commodore range in August 2004.

The VY Commodore was available in several models. These are the Commodore Executive, Acclaim, S, SV8 and SS and the Berlina and Calais models which were not badged as Commodores. All the models in the VY range were offered as sedans and the Executive, Acclaim and Berlina were also available as wagons. Unusually, the VY also introduced a limited edition SS wagon featuring the same 235 kW (315 hp) (245 kW (329 hp) for Series II) V8, bodykit and sports suspension as the SS sedan. However, it was equipped with 17-inch alloy wheels as opposed to the 18 inch wheels on the sedan. 500 such wagons were produced for Series I and 350 for Series II.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais

The VY was the last Commodore to use the 3.8 litre ECOTEC V6 engines.

Sales of the VY Commodore failed to match those of the earlier VT model.

The front and rear of the body had minor restyling, with new front grille, headlights and taillights. The interior has been significantly upgraded. Interior upgrade includes a new instrument panel, centre console and steering wheel and new design transmission lever and handbrake. There is also a new mobile phone power outlet under the centre console. The new instrument cluster features a large multi-function digital display (single or triple-window, depending on model), which displays information such as radio station display, PRND321 gear selected indicator, trip computer with stopwatch function, service reminders and a help facility.

Standard features (on some models) now include "twilight sentinel" - automatic headlamp control, programmable headlamps off time delay, high feature Blaupunkt audio systems, road-speed sensitive intermittent wipers and passenger airbags.

The VY Series II update added cruise control, front power windows variable front seat lumbar support, and revised interior trims. A 245 kW (329 hp) V8 was introduced to sports variants and a sportier repositioning of the Calais model. This repositioning included a subtle body kit, the option of a 235 kW V8 in place of the previous 225 kW (302 hp) and a firmer suspension tune (known as FE 1.5) that was not as stiff as the FE2 suspension on sports variants.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais

- The Executive is the baseline model of the VY Commodore range. Pricing for the Executive started from A$31,650.
- The Acclaim is one model up from the base model of the VY Commodore range. Pricing for the Acclaim started from A$37,510.
- The S is the cheapest sports variant. Pricing for the S started from A$37,820.
- The VY Commodore was the first to not offer a V8 option on the Executive model. Buyers now had to choose the new SV8 as the cheapest V8 variant. The SV8 was essentially an Executive with a V8 engine, rear spoiler and unique 17 inch alloy wheels. Pricing for the SV8 started from A$40,490.
- The SS was the flagship sports model of the VY range. Pricing for the SS started from A$49,490.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais

- The Berlina is the semi-luxury version of the VY range; it sits above the Acclaim and below the Calais. Pricing for the Berlina starts from A$40,850.
- The Calais is the top of the line luxury model in the VY range; it sits above the Berlina and combines luxury with performance. Pricing for the Calais starts form A$48,250.
- A four wheel drive development of the VY Commodore wagon was offered from 2003 as the Holden VY Adventra.
- A range of commercial vehicles was developed from the VY Commodore platform. It comprised three basic models each available in various trim levels. Despite their heritage, these vehicles were not badged or marketed as “Commodores”.
- Holden’s performance partner Holden Special Vehicles developed a range of models based on the VY Commodore sedan. These were marketed as the HSV Clubsport, HSV GTS and HSV Senator.

The Holden VZ Commodore is the thirteenth model of the Holden Commodore lineup, a full-size car produced by the Australian automotive marque, Holden.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais Wagon

Released in August 2004, the car debuted a new generation of 175 and 190 kilowatt (kW) (235 and 255 hp) 3.6 litre (L) Alloytec V6 engines in place of the older 3.8 litre ECOTEC V6 engines. These new Alloytec DOHC engines have carried on through to the VE Commodore which was released in August 2006. A new 5L40-E 5-speed automatic transmission sourced from General Motors was introduced on the sports and luxury V6 variants.

The VZ is notable for being the only Commodore series of recent times to not officially introduce a Series II update to the range, however a number of mechanical changes were made in January 2006. Holden introduced the new L76 6.0 litre V8 to its range. The V8 has been slightly detuned, and both Displacement on Demand and variable valve timing have been removed. The base V6 also went from 175 kilowatts (235 hp) to 172 kilowatts (231 hp) and the 190 kilowatt (255 hp) V6 went from 340 to 335 newton metres (Nm) at the same time, to meet new ADR 79/01 (Euro III) emissions standards that became effective January 1, 2006.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais Wagon

The advanced 3.6 litre Alloytec engines are more powerful, responsive and fuel-efficient than the outgoing ECOTEC V6. Matched to all-new and upgraded transmissions they deliver noticeable increases in all-round driving refinement. To achieve 190 kilowatts (255 hp), the Alloytec V6 gains variable valve timing on both inlet and exhaust sides as well as a dual stage intake manifold, while the 175 kilowatt (235 hp) version retains variable valve timing on the inlet side only. Selected models bring advanced active safety features that electronically assist the driver to maintain vehicle control in emergency situations.

The VZ Commodore was available in several model variations, most of which carried over from the VY range, with the exception of the newly introduced SV6, a specification level that replaced the S range. All models in the Commodore range (Executive, Acclaim, Berlina, Calais, SV6, SV8 & SS) were available as sedans, while wagon variants of the Executive, Acclaim & Berlina were available. Berlina and Calais models were not badged or marketed as Commodores. The VZ was the last Commodore lineup to use the Executive & Acclaim nameplates, both of which would be later replaced by a new Omega model in the VE Commodore.

Holden Commodore ,Berlina,Calais Wagon

Sales of the VZ Commodore failed to match those of the preceding VY Commodore in light of rising small car sales, higher fuel prices and growing interest in the VZ's replacement, the VE.

The VZ Commodore sedans were superseded by the VE Commodore range in August 2006, whilst the Wagon & Ute ranges lived on for almost another year. Ute production ended in August 2007, whilst the last wagon rolled off Holden's Elizabeth plant line on September 6, 2007.

- The Commodore Executive was the baseline variant, and was priced from A$33,160.
- The Commodore Acclaim sat above the Commodore Executive in specification level hierarchy of the VZ Commodore range, and was priced from A$39,050.
- The SV6 was the cheapest sports variant. Pricing for the SV6 started from A$38,990.

Holden Commodore estate

- Early VZ versions of the SV8 continued with the VY SV8 theme, being essentially an Executive with a V8 engine, rear spoiler, unique 17 inch alloy wheels and SV6 tail lights. This specification was later upgraded as a running change to match the equipment levels and appearance of the SV6, which remained a step down from the SS. The SV8 was priced from A$41,990.
- The SS was the flagship sports model of the VZ range. Pricing for the SS started at A$50,990.
- The Berlina was the semi-luxury version of the VZ range; it sited above the Acclaim and below the Calais in the VZ range. Pricing for the Berlina began from A$42,900.
- The Calais is the top of the line luxury model in the VZ range; it sat above the Berlina and combined luxury with performance. Pricing for the Calais began at A$52,660.
- The Commodore 9C1, or 'Police Pack', was a special pack for the VZ Commodore that was available to all police organisations in Australia, New Zealand and several in the Middle East. It was based on the Commodore Executive and added various specification upgrades to cater to the needs of police. Most 9C1s were delivered in white, but were also offered in other colours, normally used as unmarked vehicles.

Holden Commodore estate

- The Commodore Lumina was launched in September 2005. It was based on the Commodore Executive with A$6,000 worth of additional features. 3,700 were produced and sold at a price of A$32,990 each.
- April 2005 saw the launch of the Commodore Equipe, a Holden tradition for many recent models of the Commodore. Based on the VZ Executive with A$5,000 worth of extra features, it sold for A$33,490 AUD. 3,500 were produced.
- In March 2006, Holden produced the limited edition SVZ model. This was based on the Executive sedan and wagon model with A$6,000 worth of extra features for A$32,990. In March 2007, this model was re-introduced as a run-out model, based on the Executive wagon and base model Ute. The SVZ ute could be ordered in Morpheous (Metallic purple with pink highlights from the VE range).

Holden Commodore estate

- Late in 2005, Holden released the limited edition Commodore SSZ. 930 SSZ models were produced. This model featured leather upholstery with SSZ logo, premium performance brakes, colour-coded SSZ instrument cluster, black centre-mounted voltage and oil pressure gauges, 18-inch Monaro-style wheels, Rear Parking Assist and Bluetooth, for A$49,990. The SSZ was quickly discontinued upon arrival of the VE Commodore; however the VE does feature a V-Series model, that is similar to the SSZ.

On 25 November 2008, Holden issued a product recall to fix a potential problem with the side airbag system. The recall applying to 8,792 VZ models, including Commodore derivatives involves a faulty airbag attachment within the front seat assemblage. This could allow the airbag to come away from the seat frame, thus compromising airbag performance in a crash.

Holden Commodore estate

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Source :
  1. www.holden.com.au
  2. www.hjgts.8m.com/
  3. www.holdenvk.itgo.com/
  4. wikipedia.org/Holden

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