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Citroen Type b2   (1921)

Engineer Andrť CitroŽn had spent many years in the automotive industry making gears; during the war he manufactured munitions.

His first car, the Type A launched in 1919, had a sv 1327cc engine. In 1922 came the Type B of 1453cc. The same year saw the first of the famous CitroŽn expeditions with the CžtroŽn-Kťgresse half-track across the Sahara. It was also the year of the popular "Cloverleaf" Type C of 855cc. This remarkable car was very popular, due to its low price and high reliability. Between May 1922 and May I926, 80,232 Cloverleaves were built, but CitroŽn's record during the vintage period was for the C4 with 134,000 cars built in a little more than four years.

CitroŽn introduced mass production on the American pattern into France. With the B10 in 1925, he introduced France's first all-steel body. The C-Series followed, of which the most interesting was the C6 six-cylinder available in two versions (2442cc and 2650cc).

Citroen Type C ,Type C2 concept (1921)

In 1934, CitroŽn presented the revolutionary 7 cv "Tractžon Avant", but its development costs bankrupted him, and the firm was taken over by Michelin. Between 1934 and 1940 the factory made the Traction Avant in no fewer than 21 different versions, the three basic models being the 7 cv and 11 cv fours and the 15 cv six. It also presented a prototype of a sensational V8-engined front-wheel-drive which never saw production.


Citroen 2cv fourgonette concept (1951)

After the war, CitroŽn resumed production with the 11 cv and the 15 cv, sold only in black. At the Paris Motor Show of 1949, CitroŽn launched the amazing 2 cv, a strange and spartan car, front-wheel driven with a 375cc air-cooled flat-twin engine. For many years the Traction Avant and the Deux Chevaux were the only models; in 1954 the 15 cv was equipped with hydropneumatic suspension.

The year after, CitroŽn presented the car of the new era, the immortal DS 19. The old "Traction" nevertheless remained in production until 1957. A simpler version of the DS, the ID 19, was presented in 1956, and 1961 was the year of the Ami 6, a sort of "super 2 cv". The DS 21 followed the DS 19 in 1967, and the year after the Dyane appeared, still with the air-cooled flat-twin.

In 1968 a strange vehicle left the works, the plastics-bodied Mťhari, which ressembled a Jeep. The most significant car of that year was the GS, with a flat-four engine, and 1969 saw the luxurious SM with the dohc Maserati V6 of 2675cc. In 1975, the DS gave way to the CX 2000, later enlarged to 2200cc, 2400cc and 2500cc.

Citroen Ds  concept (1955)

Having come under the control of Peugeot, CitroŽn presented the LN, a marriage of a Peugeot body with a CitroŽn engine.

(Vintage European Automobiles)

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