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Manufacturers / France / Bugatti


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Bugatti vehicles


1920


Type
Bugatti Type 23   (1920)

The earliest Bugattis may have used small, relatively hard-working engines, however their precision manufacture was immediately evident and stands as tribute to the founders continual quest for excellence. Prior to World War 1 Bugatti manufactured the “Type 13”, powered by a small but relatively powerful 1327cc engine. More popular, and much larger, the chain-driven 'Garros' model enjoyed success in sales and competition.

But it was after the war that Bugatti developed some truly sporting cars, among them the highly acclaimed “Type 13 Brescia” models - so named because cars of this type took the first four places in the Italian GP supporting race, at Brescia, in 1921.

Evolution of the Brescia included various derivatives with. engines between 1368 and 1496cc, the most powerful of all having being an overhead camshaft 16-valve four-cylinder engine. Good for up to 40bhp, this was sufficient to propel the lightweight (1350lb) racing versions at up to 100mph. Longer wheelbase touring models (the Types 22 and 23), could maintain 70mph with only a meager 30bhp on tap.

Type
Bugatti Type 28  concept (1921)

The Brescia’s would enjoy victory at the Le Mans Voiturette race in 1920, and followed this up with many impressive victories all over Europe. Even in Britain, where hill-climbs were finding immense popularity with the public, Raymond Mays would always be able to put in a good performances in his Brescia.

The cars would continue to be manufactured until 1926, with around 2000 being assembled at Molsheirn, though variants were also built by Rabag in Germany, Diatto in Italy and Crossley in England. In 1924, Bugatti produced the famous Type 35, a car that would achieve some 2000 competition victories in its production life of seven years. There were several sub-derivatives of the Type 35, with engines ranging in capacity from 1100cc to 2300cc, and body work built to sports or purpose built racing car specifications.

The Type 35, like the earlier Type 30 of 1922, used a straight-eight cylinder engine, originally of 2 litres and good for 90bhp. It is interesting to note that Bugatti made the leap from 4 cylinders to straight-8 cylinder engines without ever developing a mid-range 6 cylinder unit. Later there were 2.3-litre Type 35Ts (the T designating “Targa Florio”), and various Grand Prix types, including the supercharged Type 35Bs and 35Cs.

Type
Bugatti Type 29  concept (1922)

The straight-eight engine was a masterpiece, both in its appearance and in its function. Two separate four-cylinder aluminum blocks were fixed to a common crankcase, all fits and finish being such that gaskets were not required. The crankshaft ran in five ball (or roller) bearings. A Type 35 weighed about 1650 lb, and racing versions were dominant in GP racing for several years. Most 'touring' versions were Type 35As, which looked like the GP racing derivatives, but had a less-complicated three-ball-bearing crankshaft engine from the Type 38.


1930


Type
Bugatti Type 49  concept (1930)

These cars were good for a top speed of around 90mph (145 km/h), though competition types were capable of well over 100mph (160.9 km/h), and a 35B was clocked at almost 125mph (201 km/h) in 1930. Bugatti followed the success of the Type 35’s with the less loved Type 37, a car that effectively replaced the Brescia. The 37 was fitted with a 1496cc engine similar in design to the straight-eight, all in the chassis and bodywork of the familiar Type 35.

Critics naturally compared this 37 un-favorably with the Type 35; the touring version of the design, the Type 40, received an even less favorable reception. Both models were capable of 70mph (112.6 km/h) and were far less temperamental than the 'eights', but they never attained the God-like status of the Type 35’s. In total, some 290 Type 37s and 840 Type 40s were builtin a five-year production span.

It may have taken 5 years, but Bugatti realized the allure of their marque was being lost, and so in 1927 they released the new Type 43, which now used the 2.3-litre supercharged straight-eight engine lifted from the Type 35B racing car. Often called a 'Grand Sport' model, it could reach 90mph (145 km/h) from rest in 30 seconds and was good for a top speed of around 105mph (169 km/h). More than capable on the rally circuit, where it enjoyed much success, the car did not inspire the buying public and only 160 were sold over a five year period.

Type
Bugatti Type 50 ,50 T concept (1930)

Keen to turn their fortunes around, the Type 43 was replaced by the Type 55 in 1932. The 2.3 litre straight-eight engine now featured a twin overhead camshaft and was good for a very healthy 135bhp. It had a top speed of around 112mph (180 km/h) and, although it was available in a range of different body styles, only 38 cars of the type were ever built.

While focus may have been on the sports-car, Bugatti realized the need to manufacture more refined touring cars if the factory was to remain viable. In fact the factory produced many high-speed touring cars, the most famous being the splendid 1934 3.3 litreeight-cylinder twin-cam (140bhp) Type 57.

Though inspired by Ettore, much of the detail work was carried out by his son Jean; the cars were sold in various distinctly different types covering a range of body styles. The most sporting of all was the short-chassis, lowered Type 57S, and its supercharged version, the 200bhp Type 57SC, though only about 40 of these two derivatives, from a total Type 57 output of 750 cars, were manufactured. The Type 57 would take out the 1936 French Grand Prix and the Le Mans 24 Hour races of 1937 and 1939.

Type
Bugatti Type 51 , 51A concept (1931)

The Bugatti Type 41 Royale Roadster

Far and away the most famous Bugatti touring car was the “Type 41 Royale Roadster”, designed and styled in 1932 by Jean. Tragically, Jean Bugatti was killed in 1939 in a car accident while testing one of the factory cars around Molsheim. The Royale however went on to become one of the most memorable sports-luxury cars in history! The name “Royale” was given to help the car appeal to the rich and famous and among the few that could afford to buy the car was King Alphonso XIII of Spain.

Unquestionably the "Grandest" car ever made – it weighed in excess of 3 tons and was powered by a 13 litre straight-8 engine derived from an airplane. In fact, the engine was so strong that it was later converted for train use! The Germans would occupy the Bugatti factory during World War 2, and car production never seriously re-started after that.


1940


Type
Bugatti Type 68  concept (1940)

A hand-full of cars were cobbled together from left over pre-war parts in an attempt to re-establish production but this was simply too little, too late. Ettore would die in 1947 and the marque would fade into obscurity until 1987, when Italian tycoon Romano Artioli purchased the Bugatti name and built a modernised factory in Modena.

Artioli’s masterpiece EB110 was a V12 supercar beast, but owed much of it’s inspiration to fellow Modena residents such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, Maserati and De Tomaso, and only in name was it a Bugatti.



Idea and design © 1999-2016 van Damme Stéphane.




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